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Community and Close Contact Exposures Associated with COVID-19 Among Symptomatic Adults ≥18 Years in 11 Outpatient Health Care Facilities — United States, July 2020

Please note: This report has been corrected.

Kiva A. Fisher, PhD1; Mark W. Tenforde, MD, PhD1,2; Leora R. Feldstein, PhD1; Christopher J. Lindsell, PhD3,4; Nathan I. Shapiro, MD3,5; D. Clark Files, MD3,6; Kevin W. Gibbs, MD3,6; Heidi L. Erickson, MD3,7; Matthew E. Prekker, MD3,7; Jay S. Steingrub, MD3,8; Matthew C. Exline, MD3,9; Daniel J. Henning, MD3,10; Jennifer G. Wilson, MD3,11; Samuel M. Brown, MD3,12; Ithan D. Peltan, MD3,12; Todd W. Rice, MD3,4; David N. Hager, MD, PhD3,13; Adit A. Ginde, MD3,14; H. Keipp Talbot, MD3,4; Jonathan D. Casey, MD3,4; Carlos G. Grijalva, MD3,4; Brendan Flannery, PhD1; Manish M. Patel, MD1; Wesley H. Self, MD3,4; IVY Network Investigators; CDC COVID-19 Response Team (View author affiliations)

Summary

What is already known about the topic?

Community and close contact exposures contribute to the spread of COVID-19.

What is added by this report?

Findings from a case-control investigation of symptomatic outpatients from 11 U.S. health care facilities found that close contact with persons with known COVID-19 or going to locations that offer on-site eating and drinking options were associated with COVID-19 positivity. Adults with positive SARS-CoV-2 test results were approximately twice as likely to have reported dining at a restaurant than were those with negative SARS-CoV-2 test results.

What are the implications for public health practice?

Eating and drinking on-site at locations that offer such options might be important risk factors associated with SARS-CoV-2 infection. Efforts to reduce possible exposures where mask use and social distancing are difficult to maintain, such as when eating and drinking, should be considered to protect customers, employees, and communities.

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